Industrial construction encompasses the design, installation, and maintenance of all of the structural and mechanical components in power plants, factories, etc. Industrial construction is a very specialized, niche form of construction that requires specific training, and expertise by all of the contractors and engineers that work in the field.
While some industrial construction companies specialize only in industrial construction maintenance, or industrial construction installation, some industrial contracting companies employ experienced industrial installers, maintenance contractors, and designers. Whether it’s a warehouse or a large plant, industrial construction companies are often chosen on how well their specific skills match the project at hand. Sometimes industrial construction companies are chosen because they offer all of the services that are needed.
When “designers” and industrial maintenance contractors are found within a single construction firm, this is called none other than a “design/build” company. This “in house” group of contractors and engineers with special skills allows the project to get started more efficiently, as all the trade specialties know one another, and have worked together on projects in the past. With these types of industrial construction firms, the client may offer a “design build” where the contracting company is given a set of guidelines by the client, and is expected to construct a structure or mechanism based on that. Still, when it comes to industrial design, many clients prefer to have one main designer, and then hire separate sub contractors for the rest of the work. Depending on the nature of the project, sometimes many different trades are needed to adequately meet the demands of the industrial construction project, as well as government requirements.
For many projects, the client might already have industrial contractors on staff (especially if it’s a larger facility) to handle a variety of jobs, and may only need one particular trade of industrial construction service – like an electrical contractor, for instance. For these projects, the client generally acts as a manager. One of the up-sides with this type of system is that since the client is essentially, the construction manager, they know exactly what they need done, and this can make the industrial construction project more streamlined in many ways.
With large industrial construction projects, the government is there to monitor, and ensure that all regulations and guidelines are being met. This usually begins as early as the design stage of the project. For larger power plants and factories, things like sewer/water, fire, and safety regulations need to be dealt with at length, before construction can commence.
Industrial construction is a lot like residential or commercial construction with regard to how the work is divided up, and how contractors are chosen to work on projects, but as we have seen, there are many ways in which it’s different. Contractors and engineers must have much more “niche” experience than their residential and commercial counterparts. And, due to issues of land area and possible environmental hazards, there is often much more government red tape involved in industrial projects, as well.